Tag: Kyle Harris

Who Gets Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?Who Gets Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?

Association between contact sports participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy: a retrospective study. Bieniek KF, Blessing MM, Heckman MG, Diehl NN, Serie AM, Paolini MA, Boeve BF, Savica R, Reichard RR, and Dickson DW. Brain Pathol. 2019. [Epub Ahead of Print]. Full Text Freely Available                                                                         Take Home Message: Among 750 samples of brain tissue from individuals with and without a history of sport participation, less than 6% of people showed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)-related pathology. While most people don’t develop CTE, roughly 1 in 7 former football players had evidence of CTE-related pathology compared with ~1 in 18 peers.Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a debilitating neurological disorder that has gained a lot of attention because it is related to repeated brain trauma. Despite the media attention we know very little about whether the risk of developing CTE is related to participation in sports at nonelite levels of competition. The researchers of this study used the Mayo Clinic Tissue Registry to review samples of brain tissue from 300 former athletes and 450 non-athletes for the presence CTE pathology or features of CTE.Read more »…

Show Me the Data and Dollars: Implementing Health and Safety Policy ChangeShow Me the Data and Dollars: Implementing Health and Safety Policy Change

Analysis of states’ barriers to and progress toward implementation of health and safety policies for secondary school athletes.Pike AM, Adams WM, Huggins RA, Mazerolle SM, and Casa DJ. J Athl Train. 2019. [Epub Ahead of Print]. Full Text Freely AvailableTake Home Message: Officials from state athletic associations and sports medicine advisory committees believe that states are willing to implement sport policy changes but need proper funding and education to do so.Physical activity has many positive health benefits, yet the risk of catastrophic injury or death, while small, still exists. Evidence-based policies and procedures reduce the risk of catastrophic injury or death; however, it remains unclear how each state in the United States is implementing these health and safety policies and procedures. To understand the progress made by each state high school athletics association and the perceived barriers to proper and complete implementation of these policies, Pike and colleagues completed a mixed-methods study.Read more »…

Repair may be Just as Good as ReconstructionRepair may be Just as Good as Reconstruction

Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture: Repair or Reconstruction?Hoogeslag RAG, Brouwer RW, Boer BC, de Vries AJ, and Huis in ‘t Veld H. Am J Sports Med. 2019. [Epub Ahead of Print].https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0363546519825878Take Home Message: People who receive a dynamic augmented anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair have similar outcomes to those who receive an ACL reconstruction during the first 2 years after surgeryMany clinicians have discussed the pros and cons of a surgical reconstruction or conservative care for an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. In recent years, there has also been a renewed interest in re-assessing suture repair of a ruptured ACL. Therefore, Hoogeslag and colleagues completed a randomized trial to examine patient-reported, clinical, and radiological outcomes among young adults receiving a dynamic augmented ACL repair or ACL reconstruction.Read more »…

Let’s Chat: 1 in 8 Patients Are Diagnosed with Osteoarthritis within 5 Years of an ACL ReconstructionLet’s Chat: 1 in 8 Patients Are Diagnosed with Osteoarthritis within 5 Years of an ACL Reconstruction

Post-traumatic osteoarthritis diagnosed within 5 years following ACL reconstructionBodkin SG, Werner BC, Slater LV, and Hart JM. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019. [Epub Ahead of Print].https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00167-019-05461-y  Take Home Message: Almost 1 in 8 patients seek medical care and are diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis within 5 years of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture can lead to long-term changes in joint health and greatly affect an person’s short- and long-term quality of life. However, most studies have relied on sending surveys or inviting former patients back for an evaluation. Few studies have used large samples of healthcare data to identify people who are diagnosed with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis and seeking medical care. Therefore, Bodkin and colleagues completed an analysis of a national insurance-based, for-fee database of patient records to calculate the incidence of osteoarthritis following an ACL reconstruction and examine the risk factors related with osteoarthritis development.Read more »…